Solar System Facts | Solar Eclipse ~ Solar System Zone
Solar eclipse is a celestial phenomenon that does not occur frequently, but it is really interesting to see it especially when you are in the right place and time.

In this Solar eclipse article we will see what happens during this phenomenon and how you can safely follow it.

Solar System Facts | Solar Eclipse

Solar Eclipse Definition

The solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes directly in front of the earth and the sun in a straight line. And as the moon orbits around the earth at an angle of about 5 degrees relative to the Earth and Sun, the Moon comes in line between the Earth and the Sun twice during the year.
These two periods are called the solar eclipse seasons, which are the only two times for this unique phenomenon. For solar eclipse occurrence, the moon must be in its proper phase during the solar eclipse season, and for the solar eclipse, the moon must be a crescent moon. These conditions make the phenomenon of solar eclipse rare.

how does the solar eclipse occur

How to watch the solar eclipse safely

solar eclipse glasses

Looking at the solar eclipse is very dangerous, only if you use special sun glasses. the reason is not because looking at the sun becomes more dangerous during the solar eclipse, but looking at its rays is always dangerous, look at the sun at any time General can damage the eye and cause temporary or permanent blindness. But warnings increase when solar eclipses occur.
The sun can be viewed completely safely during the solar eclipse by using special glasses called " solar eclipse glasses". It is specifically designed to look at the sun, and normal sunglasses should never be used because they are not as strong as solar eclipse glasses.

Types of solar eclipse

There are several types of solar eclipse depending on the location of the observer on Earth, and on the astrological nature of the sun and moon. The following are the most important solar eclipse types:-

Partial solar eclipse

Partial Solar Eclipse 

When the earth, the sun and the moon are located on a straight line, the moon's shadow obscures the sunlight from the earth, but the moon's shadow is much smaller than the whole earth. So for most people on earth they fall under the partial moon, A small solar eclipse of the Sun, or half of it, or any part of it is less than full, and may last for several hours.

Total solar eclipse

Total Solar Eclipse

 In the small spot of the Earth's surface that falls under the full moon, the total solar eclipse occurs. During this solar eclipse, the moon body passes completely in front of the sun body, and then the whole sky will be darkened as if it were time at night, and the solar outer atmosphere of the sun, will be visible. This solar eclipse lasts for less than five minutes, and then returns partially as a partial solar eclipse.

Cyclic solar eclipse

Cyclic Solar Eclipse

Cyclic solar eclipses are a similar phenomenon to the total solar eclipse, but with a small difference. When the solar eclipse occurs, the moon is farther from Earth than normal, or the Earth is closer to the sun than normal, or both, so the sun looks slightly larger than its normal size. The moon is a little smaller. Thus, when the moon's body passes through the sun, it cannot completely block it, although it is exactly in front of it, and it will be as a ring of light.

When is the next solar eclipse?

The next solar eclipse is a total eclipse that will take place on July 2, 2019. It will be visible from South America and the South Pacific. To find out about upcoming solar eclipses and how to see them, check this guide .

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